Including the Chinese joint ventures, the Volkswagen Group employed an average of 665,445 people in fiscal year 2020, a decrease of −0.3% year-on-year. In Germany, we employed 295,133 people on average; at 44.4 (44.1)%, their share of the total headcount was slightly above the level of the previous year.
The number of active employees in the Volkswagen Group fell by 1.3% to 633,364 as of December 31, 2020. In addition, 11,272 employees were in the passive phase of their partial retirement and 17,939 young people were in vocational traineeships. At the end of the reporting period, the Volkswagen Group had a total of 662,575 employees worldwide. Due to market conditions and employees leaving the Group not being replaced, this was slightly below the year-end 2019 figure. A total of 294,510 people were employed in Germany (−1.0%) and 368,065 outside Germany (−1.5%).